How many years to matches?
In 1933 the first match factory celebrated the 100 anniversary. Till this time fire was extracted other, absolutely unclear to the modern person in the way. Instead of matches people carried with themselves three subjects: a steel piece, a small stone and something like a sponge. The first subject was a flint, the second – flint, and the third – a usual tinder. Actually, it is the same lighter, but less compact. Over time inconvenient adaptation was replaced with a so-called "chemical flint". And what was only not thought out by alchemists of that time! In the market continually there were matches which were lit from sulfuric acid, the whole devices from glass or just a match with a glass head. Having crushed the last iron nippers, people received fire, but to carry with themselves nippers is, understand, an inconvenience limit.
So proceeded until invented phosphoric matches. They lit up even at the weakest friction, but were no good. The matter is that products of burning of phosphorus are dangerous to the person. Moreover, at fire the head of such match scattered on a part as if a bomb.
in the world appeared Not so long ago, at last, modern "Swedish" matches which we use to this day. In them there is no phosphorus – it was replaced by other, less dangerous substances.